The indicators developed in the framework of the MITOMED+ project of the MED Sustainable Tourism Community have been adopted by the Catalan Government in relation to sustainable tourism development.
(Rome, 09 July 2019) Aiming at the improvement of public sustainable development policies, the development of joint planning tools and action plans and the transfer of practices in other MED and EU regions, the MITOMED+ project has been developing different sets of indicators, whose usefulness has just been recognized by the Catalan government. By launching the annual call for tourism investments addressed to local authorities (6 million euros), it stated that the evaluation will favor the local authorities using MITOMED+ indicators. These grants are aimed at helping Catalan tourist destinations improve their competitiveness.
“Despite many Mediterranean tourist destinations having adopted local and regional integrated strategies of tourism development, there is no real governance for tourism activities at a wider transnational level and environmental governante is in practice still very fragmented”. This assessment, made by the MITOMED+ partners on the project’s website, is the reasoning behind this project of the MED Sustainable Tourism Community. Within this project, different types of indicators have been developed and classified in four main categories.
The general indicators refer to the existence of a strategy for sustainable tourism in the tourism planning documents, to the percentage of destinations with a sustainable tourism strategy, with monitoring and evaluation arrangement, as well as to the percentage of visitors that are satisfied with their overall experience in the destination.
The economic indicators refer inter alia to the percentage of tourism establishments in the destination using a voluntary verified certification for environmental and sustainability measures, the contribution of tourism to the destination's economy, the direct tourism employment, as well as to the daily spendings per tourist (accommodation, food and drinks, other services).
The social and cultural indicators refer to the number of beds available in commercial visitor accommodation, the variation of unemployment rate between low and high season, the number of tourists per resident, the number of second/rental homes, the percentage of tourist attractions accessible to people with disabilities, and to the number of cultural sites and practices under some protection label, among other indicators.
The environmental indicators refer to the percentage of destination that is designated for protection, the percentage of the destination area under a biodiversity protection plan, the volume of solid urban waste recycled, the water consumption, the energy consumption, the level of pollution in seawater, the number of berths and moorings for recreational boating in relation to total length of coastline, the total Km of free access beaches, the water quality in tourist harbours, the percentage of electric energy consumed by renewable sources, and to the use of land (% developed, % building land, % land).
These indicators and the recognition of their usefulness in the framework of local policies for sustainable development of maritime and coastal tourism marks an advance and a success for this project of the MED Sustainable Tourism Community, for sustainable development policies, joint tools and programmes, as well as for the transfer of such practices in other MED and EU regions in general.
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